Class BasicThreadFactory

  • All Implemented Interfaces:

    public class BasicThreadFactory
    extends java.lang.Object
    implements java.util.concurrent.ThreadFactory

    An implementation of the ThreadFactory interface that provides some configuration options for the threads it creates.

    A ThreadFactory is used for instance by an ExecutorService to create the threads it uses for executing tasks. In many cases users do not have to care about a ThreadFactory because the default one used by an ExecutorService will do. However, if there are special requirements for the threads, a custom ThreadFactory has to be created.

    This class provides some frequently needed configuration options for the threads it creates. These are the following:

    • A name pattern for the threads created by this factory can be specified. This is often useful if an application uses multiple executor services for different purposes. If the names of the threads used by these services have meaningful names, log output or exception traces can be much easier to read. Naming patterns are format strings as used by the String.format() method. The string can contain the place holder %d which will be replaced by the number of the current thread ( ThreadFactoryImpl keeps a counter of the threads it has already created). For instance, the naming pattern "My %d. worker thread" will result in thread names like "My 1. worker thread", "My 2. worker thread" and so on.
    • A flag whether the threads created by this factory should be daemon threads. This can impact the exit behavior of the current Java application because the JVM shuts down if there are only daemon threads running.
    • The priority of the thread. Here an integer value can be provided. The java.lang.Thread class defines constants for valid ranges of priority values.
    • The UncaughtExceptionHandler for the thread. This handler is called if an uncaught exception occurs within the thread.

    BasicThreadFactory wraps another thread factory which actually creates new threads. The configuration options are set on the threads created by the wrapped thread factory. On construction time the factory to be wrapped can be specified. If none is provided, a default ThreadFactory is used.

    Instances of BasicThreadFactory are not created directly, but the nested Builder class is used for this purpose. Using the builder only the configuration options an application is interested in need to be set. The following example shows how a BasicThreadFactory is created and installed in an ExecutorService:

     // Create a factory that produces daemon threads with a naming pattern and
     // a priority
     BasicThreadFactory factory = new BasicThreadFactory.Builder()
     // Create an executor service for single-threaded execution
     ExecutorService exec = Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor(factory);
    • Nested Class Summary

      Nested Classes 
      Modifier and Type Class Description
      static class  BasicThreadFactory.Builder
      A builder class for creating instances of BasicThreadFactory.
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Instance Methods Concrete Methods 
      Modifier and Type Method Description
      java.lang.Boolean getDaemonFlag()
      Returns the daemon flag.
      java.lang.String getNamingPattern()
      Returns the naming pattern for naming newly created threads.
      java.lang.Integer getPriority()
      Returns the priority of the threads created by this factory.
      long getThreadCount()
      Returns the number of threads this factory has already created.
      java.lang.Thread.UncaughtExceptionHandler getUncaughtExceptionHandler()
      Returns the UncaughtExceptionHandler for the threads created by this factory.
      java.util.concurrent.ThreadFactory getWrappedFactory()
      Returns the wrapped ThreadFactory.
      java.lang.Thread newThread​(java.lang.Runnable runnable)
      Creates a new thread.
      • Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object

        equals, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
    • Method Detail

      • getWrappedFactory

        public final java.util.concurrent.ThreadFactory getWrappedFactory()
        Returns the wrapped ThreadFactory. This factory is used for actually creating threads. This method never returns null. If no ThreadFactory was passed when this object was created, a default thread factory is returned.
        the wrapped ThreadFactory
      • getNamingPattern

        public final java.lang.String getNamingPattern()
        Returns the naming pattern for naming newly created threads. Result can be null if no naming pattern was provided.
        the naming pattern
      • getDaemonFlag

        public final java.lang.Boolean getDaemonFlag()
        Returns the daemon flag. This flag determines whether newly created threads should be daemon threads. If true, this factory object calls setDaemon(true) on the newly created threads. Result can be null if no daemon flag was provided at creation time.
        the daemon flag
      • getPriority

        public final java.lang.Integer getPriority()
        Returns the priority of the threads created by this factory. Result can be null if no priority was specified.
        the priority for newly created threads
      • getUncaughtExceptionHandler

        public final java.lang.Thread.UncaughtExceptionHandler getUncaughtExceptionHandler()
        Returns the UncaughtExceptionHandler for the threads created by this factory. Result can be null if no handler was provided.
        the UncaughtExceptionHandler
      • getThreadCount

        public long getThreadCount()
        Returns the number of threads this factory has already created. This class maintains an internal counter that is incremented each time the newThread(Runnable) method is invoked.
        the number of threads created by this factory
      • newThread

        public java.lang.Thread newThread​(java.lang.Runnable runnable)
        Creates a new thread. This implementation delegates to the wrapped factory for creating the thread. Then, on the newly created thread the corresponding configuration options are set.
        Specified by:
        newThread in interface java.util.concurrent.ThreadFactory
        runnable - the Runnable to be executed by the new thread
        the newly created thread