Class CollationKeyAnalyzer

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Closeable, AutoCloseable

    public final class CollationKeyAnalyzer
    extends Analyzer

    Configures KeywordTokenizer with CollationAttributeFactory.

    Converts the token into its CollationKey, and then encodes the CollationKey either directly or with IndexableBinaryStringTools (see below), to allow it to be stored as an index term.

    WARNING: Make sure you use exactly the same Collator at index and query time -- CollationKeys are only comparable when produced by the same Collator. Since RuleBasedCollators are not independently versioned, it is unsafe to search against stored CollationKeys unless the following are exactly the same (best practice is to store this information with the index and check that they remain the same at query time):

    1. JVM vendor
    2. JVM version, including patch version
    3. The language (and country and variant, if specified) of the Locale used when constructing the collator via Collator.getInstance(java.util.Locale).
    4. The collation strength used - see Collator.setStrength(int)

    The ICUCollationKeyAnalyzer in the analysis-icu package uses ICU4J's Collator, which makes its its version available, thus allowing collation to be versioned independently from the JVM. ICUCollationKeyAnalyzer is also significantly faster and generates significantly shorter keys than CollationKeyAnalyzer. See for key generation timing and key length comparisons between ICU4J and java.text.Collator over several languages.

    CollationKeys generated by java.text.Collators are not compatible with those those generated by ICU Collators. Specifically, if you use CollationKeyAnalyzer to generate index terms, do not use ICUCollationKeyAnalyzer on the query side, or vice versa.

    You must specify the required Version compatibility when creating CollationKeyAnalyzer:

    • As of 4.0, Collation Keys are directly encoded as bytes. Previous versions will encode the bytes with IndexableBinaryStringTools.
    • Constructor Detail

      • CollationKeyAnalyzer

        public CollationKeyAnalyzer​(Version matchVersion,
                                    Collator collator)
        Create a new CollationKeyAnalyzer, using the specified collator.
        matchVersion - See above
        collator - CollationKey generator