Class InternetAddress

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Serializable, Cloneable

    public class InternetAddress
    extends Address
    implements Cloneable
    This class represents an Internet email address using the syntax of RFC822. Typical address syntax is of the form "user@host.domain" or "Personal Name <user@host.domain>".
    See Also:
    Serialized Form
    • Constructor Detail

      • InternetAddress

        public InternetAddress()
        Default constructor.
      • InternetAddress

        public InternetAddress​(String address)
                        throws AddressException
        Constructor.

        Parse the given string and create an InternetAddress. See the parse method for details of the parsing. The address is parsed using "strict" parsing. This constructor does not perform the additional syntax checks that the InternetAddress(String address, boolean strict) constructor does when strict is true. This constructor is equivalent to InternetAddress(address, false).

        Parameters:
        address - the address in RFC822 format
        Throws:
        AddressException - if the parse failed
      • InternetAddress

        public InternetAddress​(String address,
                               boolean strict)
                        throws AddressException
        Parse the given string and create an InternetAddress. If strict is false, the detailed syntax of the address isn't checked.
        Parameters:
        address - the address in RFC822 format
        strict - enforce RFC822 syntax
        Throws:
        AddressException - if the parse failed
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.3
      • InternetAddress

        public InternetAddress​(String address,
                               String personal)
                        throws UnsupportedEncodingException
        Construct an InternetAddress given the address and personal name. The address is assumed to be a syntactically valid RFC822 address.
        Parameters:
        address - the address in RFC822 format
        personal - the personal name
        Throws:
        UnsupportedEncodingException - if the personal name can't be encoded in the given charset
      • InternetAddress

        public InternetAddress​(String address,
                               String personal,
                               String charset)
                        throws UnsupportedEncodingException
        Construct an InternetAddress given the address and personal name. The address is assumed to be a syntactically valid RFC822 address.
        Parameters:
        address - the address in RFC822 format
        personal - the personal name
        charset - the MIME charset for the name
        Throws:
        UnsupportedEncodingException - if the personal name can't be encoded in the given charset
    • Method Detail

      • clone

        public Object clone()
        Return a copy of this InternetAddress object.
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.2
      • getType

        public String getType()
        Return the type of this address. The type of an InternetAddress is "rfc822".
        Specified by:
        getType in class Address
        Returns:
        address type
        See Also:
        InternetAddress
      • setAddress

        public void setAddress​(String address)
        Set the email address.
        Parameters:
        address - email address
      • setPersonal

        public void setPersonal​(String name,
                                String charset)
                         throws UnsupportedEncodingException
        Set the personal name. If the name contains non US-ASCII characters, then the name will be encoded using the specified charset as per RFC 2047. If the name contains only US-ASCII characters, no encoding is done and the name is used as is.

        Parameters:
        name - personal name
        charset - MIME charset to be used to encode the name as per RFC 2047
        Throws:
        UnsupportedEncodingException - if the charset encoding fails.
        See Also:
        setPersonal(String)
      • getAddress

        public String getAddress()
        Get the email address.
        Returns:
        email address
      • getPersonal

        public String getPersonal()
        Get the personal name. If the name is encoded as per RFC 2047, it is decoded and converted into Unicode. If the decoding or conversion fails, the raw data is returned as is.
        Returns:
        personal name
      • toString

        public String toString()
        Convert this address into a RFC 822 / RFC 2047 encoded address. The resulting string contains only US-ASCII characters, and hence is mail-safe.
        Specified by:
        toString in class Address
        Returns:
        possibly encoded address string
      • toUnicodeString

        public String toUnicodeString()
        Returns a properly formatted address (RFC 822 syntax) of Unicode characters.
        Returns:
        Unicode address string
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.2
      • equals

        public boolean equals​(Object a)
        The equality operator.
        Specified by:
        equals in class Address
        Parameters:
        a - Address object
      • hashCode

        public int hashCode()
        Compute a hash code for the address.
        Overrides:
        hashCode in class Object
      • toString

        public static String toString​(Address[] addresses)
        Convert the given array of InternetAddress objects into a comma separated sequence of address strings. The resulting string contains only US-ASCII characters, and hence is mail-safe.

        Parameters:
        addresses - array of InternetAddress objects
        Returns:
        comma separated string of addresses
        Throws:
        ClassCastException - if any address object in the given array is not an InternetAddress object. Note that this is a RuntimeException.
      • toUnicodeString

        public static String toUnicodeString​(Address[] addresses)
        Convert the given array of InternetAddress objects into a comma separated sequence of address strings. The resulting string contains Unicode characters.

        Parameters:
        addresses - array of InternetAddress objects
        Returns:
        comma separated string of addresses
        Throws:
        ClassCastException - if any address object in the given array is not an InternetAddress object. Note that this is a RuntimeException.
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.6
      • toString

        public static String toString​(Address[] addresses,
                                      int used)
        Convert the given array of InternetAddress objects into a comma separated sequence of address strings. The resulting string contains only US-ASCII characters, and hence is mail-safe.

        The 'used' parameter specifies the number of character positions already taken up in the field into which the resulting address sequence string is to be inserted. It is used to determine the line-break positions in the resulting address sequence string.

        Parameters:
        addresses - array of InternetAddress objects
        used - number of character positions already used, in the field into which the address string is to be inserted.
        Returns:
        comma separated string of addresses
        Throws:
        ClassCastException - if any address object in the given array is not an InternetAddress object. Note that this is a RuntimeException.
      • toUnicodeString

        public static String toUnicodeString​(Address[] addresses,
                                             int used)
        Convert the given array of InternetAddress objects into a comma separated sequence of address strings. The resulting string contains Unicode characters.

        The 'used' parameter specifies the number of character positions already taken up in the field into which the resulting address sequence string is to be inserted. It is used to determine the line-break positions in the resulting address sequence string.

        Parameters:
        addresses - array of InternetAddress objects
        used - number of character positions already used, in the field into which the address string is to be inserted.
        Returns:
        comma separated string of addresses
        Throws:
        ClassCastException - if any address object in the given array is not an InternetAddress object. Note that this is a RuntimeException.
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.6
      • getLocalAddress

        public static InternetAddress getLocalAddress​(Session session)
        Return an InternetAddress object representing the current user. The entire email address may be specified in the "mail.from" property. If not set, the "mail.user" and "mail.host" properties are tried. If those are not set, the "user.name" property and InetAddress.getLocalHost method are tried. Security exceptions that may occur while accessing this information are ignored. If it is not possible to determine an email address, null is returned.
        Parameters:
        session - Session object used for property lookup
        Returns:
        current user's email address
      • parse

        public static InternetAddress[] parse​(String addresslist)
                                       throws AddressException
        Parse the given comma separated sequence of addresses into InternetAddress objects. Addresses must follow RFC822 syntax.
        Parameters:
        addresslist - comma separated address strings
        Returns:
        array of InternetAddress objects
        Throws:
        AddressException - if the parse failed
      • parse

        public static InternetAddress[] parse​(String addresslist,
                                              boolean strict)
                                       throws AddressException
        Parse the given sequence of addresses into InternetAddress objects. If strict is false, simple email addresses separated by spaces are also allowed. If strict is true, many (but not all) of the RFC822 syntax rules are enforced. In particular, even if strict is true, addresses composed of simple names (with no "@domain" part) are allowed. Such "illegal" addresses are not uncommon in real messages.

        Non-strict parsing is typically used when parsing a list of mail addresses entered by a human. Strict parsing is typically used when parsing address headers in mail messages.

        Parameters:
        addresslist - comma separated address strings
        strict - enforce RFC822 syntax
        Returns:
        array of InternetAddress objects
        Throws:
        AddressException - if the parse failed
      • parseHeader

        public static InternetAddress[] parseHeader​(String addresslist,
                                                    boolean strict)
                                             throws AddressException
        Parse the given sequence of addresses into InternetAddress objects. If strict is false, the full syntax rules for individual addresses are not enforced. If strict is true, many (but not all) of the RFC822 syntax rules are enforced.

        To better support the range of "invalid" addresses seen in real messages, this method enforces fewer syntax rules than the parse method when the strict flag is false and enforces more rules when the strict flag is true. If the strict flag is false and the parse is successful in separating out an email address or addresses, the syntax of the addresses themselves is not checked.

        Parameters:
        addresslist - comma separated address strings
        strict - enforce RFC822 syntax
        Returns:
        array of InternetAddress objects
        Throws:
        AddressException - if the parse failed
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.3
      • validate

        public void validate()
                      throws AddressException
        Validate that this address conforms to the syntax rules of RFC 822. The current implementation checks many, but not all, syntax rules. Note that even though the syntax of the address may be correct, there's no guarantee that a mailbox of that name exists.
        Throws:
        AddressException - if the address isn't valid.
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.3
      • isGroup

        public boolean isGroup()
        Indicates whether this address is an RFC 822 group address. Note that a group address is different than the mailing list addresses supported by most mail servers. Group addresses are rarely used; see RFC 822 for details.
        Returns:
        true if this address represents a group
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.3
      • getGroup

        public InternetAddress[] getGroup​(boolean strict)
                                   throws AddressException
        Return the members of a group address. A group may have zero, one, or more members. If this address is not a group, null is returned. The strict parameter controls whether the group list is parsed using strict RFC 822 rules or not. The parsing is done using the parseHeader method.
        Parameters:
        strict - use strict RFC 822 rules?
        Returns:
        array of InternetAddress objects, or null
        Throws:
        AddressException - if the group list can't be parsed
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.3