Class Lucene42DocValuesFormat

  • All Implemented Interfaces:

    public class Lucene42DocValuesFormat
    extends DocValuesFormat
    Only for reading old 4.2 segments
    Lucene 4.2 DocValues format.

    Encodes the four per-document value types (Numeric,Binary,Sorted,SortedSet) with seven basic strategies.

    • Delta-compressed Numerics: per-document integers written in blocks of 4096. For each block the minimum value is encoded, and each entry is a delta from that minimum value.
    • Table-compressed Numerics: when the number of unique values is very small, a lookup table is written instead. Each per-document entry is instead the ordinal to this table.
    • Uncompressed Numerics: when all values would fit into a single byte, and the acceptableOverheadRatio would pack values into 8 bits per value anyway, they are written as absolute values (with no indirection or packing) for performance.
    • GCD-compressed Numerics: when all numbers share a common divisor, such as dates, the greatest common denominator (GCD) is computed, and quotients are stored using Delta-compressed Numerics.
    • Fixed-width Binary: one large concatenated byte[] is written, along with the fixed length. Each document's value can be addressed by maxDoc*length.
    • Variable-width Binary: one large concatenated byte[] is written, along with end addresses for each document. The addresses are written in blocks of 4096, with the current absolute start for the block, and the average (expected) delta per entry. For each document the deviation from the delta (actual - expected) is written.
    • Sorted: an FST mapping deduplicated terms to ordinals is written, along with the per-document ordinals written using one of the numeric strategies above.
    • SortedSet: an FST mapping deduplicated terms to ordinals is written, along with the per-document ordinal list written using one of the binary strategies above.


    1. .dvd: DocValues data
    2. .dvm: DocValues metadata
    1. The DocValues metadata or .dvm file.

      For DocValues field, this stores metadata, such as the offset into the DocValues data (.dvd)

      DocValues metadata (.dvm) --> Header,<FieldNumber,EntryType,Entry>NumFields

      • Entry --> NumericEntry | BinaryEntry | SortedEntry
      • NumericEntry --> DataOffset,CompressionType,PackedVersion
      • BinaryEntry --> DataOffset,DataLength,MinLength,MaxLength,PackedVersion?,BlockSize?
      • SortedEntry --> DataOffset,ValueCount
      • FieldNumber,PackedVersion,MinLength,MaxLength,BlockSize,ValueCount --> VInt
      • DataOffset,DataLength --> Int64
      • EntryType,CompressionType --> Byte
      • Header --> CodecHeader

      Sorted fields have two entries: a SortedEntry with the FST metadata, and an ordinary NumericEntry for the document-to-ord metadata.

      SortedSet fields have two entries: a SortedEntry with the FST metadata, and an ordinary BinaryEntry for the document-to-ord-list metadata.

      FieldNumber of -1 indicates the end of metadata.

      EntryType is a 0 (NumericEntry), 1 (BinaryEntry, or 2 (SortedEntry)

      DataOffset is the pointer to the start of the data in the DocValues data (.dvd)

      CompressionType indicates how Numeric values will be compressed:

      • 0 --> delta-compressed. For each block of 4096 integers, every integer is delta-encoded from the minimum value within the block.
      • 1 --> table-compressed. When the number of unique numeric values is small and it would save space, a lookup table of unique values is written, followed by the ordinal for each document.
      • 2 --> uncompressed. When the acceptableOverheadRatio parameter would upgrade the number of bits required to 8, and all values fit in a byte, these are written as absolute binary values for performance.
      • 3 -->, gcd-compressed. When all integers share a common divisor, only quotients are stored using blocks of delta-encoded ints.

      MinLength and MaxLength represent the min and max byte[] value lengths for Binary values. If they are equal, then all values are of a fixed size, and can be addressed as DataOffset + (docID * length). Otherwise, the binary values are of variable size, and packed integer metadata (PackedVersion,BlockSize) is written for the addresses.

    2. The DocValues data or .dvd file.

      For DocValues field, this stores the actual per-document data (the heavy-lifting)

      DocValues data (.dvd) --> Header,<NumericData | BinaryData | SortedData>NumFields

      SortedSet entries store the list of ordinals in their BinaryData as a sequences of increasing vLongs, delta-encoded.


    • Field Detail


        public static final int MAX_BINARY_FIELD_LENGTH
        Maximum length for each binary doc values field.
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
    • Constructor Detail

      • Lucene42DocValuesFormat

        public Lucene42DocValuesFormat​(float acceptableOverheadRatio)
        Creates a new Lucene42DocValuesFormat with the specified acceptableOverheadRatio for NumericDocValues.
        acceptableOverheadRatio - compression parameter for numerics. Currently this is only used when the number of unique values is small.
    • Method Detail

      • fieldsProducer

        public DocValuesProducer fieldsProducer​(SegmentReadState state)
        Description copied from class: DocValuesFormat
        Returns a DocValuesProducer to read docvalues from the index.

        NOTE: by the time this call returns, it must hold open any files it will need to use; else, those files may be deleted. Additionally, required files may be deleted during the execution of this call before there is a chance to open them. Under these circumstances an IOException should be thrown by the implementation. IOExceptions are expected and will automatically cause a retry of the segment opening logic with the newly revised segments.

        Specified by:
        fieldsProducer in class DocValuesFormat